The Association of Teachers of Life and Earth Sciences of Morocco (AESVT Maroc), leading this project, is a national, non-profit association. It is made up of a network of 40 sections throughout Morocco, bringing together more than 2,000 active members, 10,000 volunteers and a network of 18 Environmental Education Centers (CEE).
The project responds to a major challenge for Morocco, that of “Water”, but also that of safeguarding oases, threatened with disappearance under the effect of climate change, and that of maintaining a large oasis population on site. It aims to promote an innovative approach to the efficient and sustainable management of water resources in oasis environments in a context of climate change, through the deployment of two pilot cases of integration of the principles of Integrated Water Resources Management in territorial strategic planning: the oasis of Ferkla (in the Province of Er-Rachia) and Aguinana (n the province of Tata). The choice of these two oases is not circumstantial; they present different issues and situations, which will require different technical and institutional solutions. To achieve the project’s objective, it is broken down into four main components:
→C1 / Strengthening governance and the capacities of local actors on the development of “integrated water resources management plan”;
→C2 / Assemble a pool of young entrepreneurs and young local experts on IWRM issues in Oasis environment (including transfer of ancestral knowledge and practices which have proved their worth);
→ C3 / Implementation of adapted solutions and technologies (innovative or tested elsewhere) to support the IWRM planning process;
→ C4 / Facilitation of scaling up through the assistance of national and territorial policies, and alignment with territorial spatial planning policies.
The measures and actions that will be put in place through this project will allow oasis populations to make the link between “water”, “energy”, “food security” and “ecosystems”, and will encourage a fully integrated approach, including measures related to sustainable irrigation, land protection and promotion of agroecology, and crop management.